Important Facts about Truck Shipping
Trucking companies are today's most popular means of transporting goods from ports to storage warehouses and from these warehouses to warehousing and distribution centers with the final leg of the trip to stores.
One clue to the causes of changes in trucking has to do with trade agreements that have opened a much wider range of trucking goods within countries or in the case of Canada and the U.S., between countries.
According to the American Trucking Association, "56.6% of the value of trade between the U.S. and Canada in 2010" were transported by truck. (Ref: http://www.trucking.org/News_and_Information_Reports_Industry_Data.aspx).
Another interesting fact provided by the Canadian Annual Trucking Survey indicates that, "According to the North American Industrial Classification System (484 - Truck Transportation (NAICS 2007)) provided that the annual revenue from the trucking establishments is $30,000 or more." (Ref: http://www23.statcan.gc.ca/imdb/p2SV.pl?Function=getSurvey&SDDS=2742)
Clearly this is an indication of the vital need for truck shipping in North America.
Types of Trucking Companies
It may be said there is a trucking company for nearly any need. The basic types of trucking companies include:
. Long and short distance moving vans
. Haulers of bulk goods like grain, aggregates, liquid products, hazardous and non-hazardous chemicals and food grade goods.
. Transloaders and Intermodal that transport goods to and from ports for domestic and international shipping
In addition, truck shipping companies are bound by transportation regulations for local and national shipping. Before goods can be shipped, they must first be properly packaged, labeled and weighed. It is also important when shipping to or from Ontario, Canada to know whether the shipping is LTL (Less than Truckload) or FTL (Full Truckload).
With most cross-border truck shipping, there are also import/export taxes, customs brokers and shipping and security inspections to consider when setting up truck shipping arrangements.
What is the General Procedure for Shipping via Truck?
Basically the goods to be shipped are handled by the trucking company's shipping manager/estimator. The duties of the shipping manager/estimator are to keep costs within budget by choosing cost-effective shipping routes and ports.
Trucking companies have a predetermined schedule of shipping costs based on calculations for labor, shipping time and receiving or delivery locations. Customers requiring truck shipping can request a quote that includes all potential costs. Note that a trucking company charges a higher rate for expedited shipping.
A trucking company is required to hire licensed drivers with special certifications related to the type of shipping to be performed. For example, the driver of a semi or long haul van is required to be knowledgeable of regulated truck capacities. Drivers are also required to know and understand the use of invoices and bills of lading used during the course of truck shipping. More online resources are available at Fortigo Freight Services.